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Randomized Study of ACVBP Plus Rituximab Versus CHOP Plus Rituximab in Non Previously Treated Patients Aged From 60 to 65 Years With Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Phase 3
60 Years
65 Years
Not Enrolling
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Diffuse

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Trial Information

Randomized Study of ACVBP Plus Rituximab Versus CHOP Plus Rituximab in Non Previously Treated Patients Aged From 60 to 65 Years With Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

In Europe, 50% or more of new non-Hodgkin lymphoma cases occur in patients older than 60
years. More than 30% are diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLCL).

The CHOP chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone) was
considered as the standard treatment in this population. Nevertheless, this treatment is
associated with some toxic events in elderly patients and it did does not succeed to
increase the 3-year survival rate above 40%.

Two trials in patients above 60 years with DLCL cases were conducted by the GELA in the aim
to improve the results of CHOP.

Protocol LNH 93-5 : The primary objective of this study was to compare CHOP to ACVBP in
patients aged from 61 to 69 years with aggressive lymphoma and at least one adverse
prognostic factor according to the International Prognostic Index.

Unlike the CHOP regimen, the ACVBP regimen includes a more intensive induction followed by a
sequential consolidation with drugs different from those used during the induction phase,
and includes a prevention of neuromeningeal relapses.

Out of 708 patients included in this study, the results have shown that:

- Complete response rate was the same in the two arms.

- Event free survival was significantly better in the ACVBP arm than the CHOP arm (
5-year survival rate : 39% versus 29%, p=0.005).

- Overall survival was significantly better in the ACVBP arm than in the CHOP arm (the
5-year survival rate : 46% versus 38%, p=0.036).

- The ACVBP regimen was more toxic than the CHOP regimen, particularly in elderly
patients (> 65 years) and in patients with a low performance status.

- Prevention of neuromeningeal relapses was necessary for these patients.

Protocol LNH 98-5, the objective of this study was to compare the association CHOP +
rituximab (R-CHOP) to the CHOP regimen alone in elderly patients with non previously treated
diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Long-term results based on data from 399 patients, with a median follow-up of 5 years were
as follows :

- Complete response rate was better in the R-CHOP arm than in the CHOP arm (76% versus
61%, p<0.005).

- Significant prolongation of event-free survival (p<0.0002) and overall survival
(p<0.0073) in the R-CHOP arm.

- No significant difference between the two arms in terms of toxicity. R-CHOP is now
considered worldwide as the standard combination for these patients.

These conclusions invited us to propose a randomized trial comparing ACVBP + rituximab to
CHOP + rituximab. The study population is limited to patients aged from 60 to 65 years.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma according to the WHO classification (anti
CD20 labeling)

- Aged from 60 to 65 years.

- Not previously treated.

- Ann Arbor stage II, III, IV.

- ECOG performance status 0 to 2.

- Minimum life expectancy of 3 months.

- Negative HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) serologies test  4
weeks (except after vaccination).

- Having previously signed a written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

- T-cell lymphoma.

- Any history of treated or non-treated indolent lymphoma. However, patients not
previously diagnosed and having a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with some small cell
infiltration in bone marrow or lymph node may be included.

- Central nervous system or meningeal involvement by lymphoma.

- Contra-indication to any drug contained in the chemotherapy regimens.

- Any serious active disease (according to the investigator’s decision).

- Poor renal function (creatinine level>150micromol/l), poor hepatic function (total
bilirubin level>30mmol/l, transaminases>2.5 maximum normal level) unless these
abnormalities are related to the lymphoma.

- Poor bone marrow reserve as defined by neutrophils<1.5G/l or platelets<100G/l, unless
related to bone marrow infiltration.

- Any history of cancer during the last 5 years with the exception of non-melanoma skin
tumors or stage 0 (in situ) cervical carcinoma.

- Treatment with any investigational drug within 30 days before planned first cycle of
chemotherapy and during the study.

- Adult patient under tutelage.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

event free survival

Principal Investigator

Herve Tilly, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Lymphoma Study Association


France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)

Study ID:




Start Date:

January 2002

Completion Date:

January 2011

Related Keywords:

  • Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Diffuse
  • Lymphoma
  • chemotherapy
  • rituximab
  • Lymphoma
  • Lymphoma, B-Cell
  • Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse