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A Phase I/II, Open-Label, Nonrandomized, Dose-Finding Safety, Tolerance, Pharmacokinetic, and Efficacy Study of Orally Administered S-1 in Combination With Cisplatin in Patients With Advanced Gastric Cancer


Phase 1/Phase 2
18 Years
N/A
Not Enrolling
Both
Gastric Cancer

Thank you

Trial Information

A Phase I/II, Open-Label, Nonrandomized, Dose-Finding Safety, Tolerance, Pharmacokinetic, and Efficacy Study of Orally Administered S-1 in Combination With Cisplatin in Patients With Advanced Gastric Cancer


S-1 is an oral fluoropyrimidine which combines tegafur (a 5-FU prodrug) with two classes of
modulators which:

- inhibit dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) and

- block phosphorylation of 5-FU in gastrointestinal tissues.

S-1 is designed to enhance the the clinical utility of an oral fluoropyrimidine while
ameliorating the disadvantage of gastrointestinal toxicity.

5-Fu and cisplatin have been used as a standard treatment in gastric cancer and preliminary
data indicate that S-1 plus cisplatin may result in superior tolerability and efficacy in
advanced gastric cancer.

S-1 is currently approved in Japan for treatment of gastric cancer and head and neck cancer.

Inclusion Criteria


Inclusion Criteria

- Has histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the stomach or
gastroesophageal junction

- Has advanced, unresectable cancer at the time of study entry

- Has measurable disease as defined by RECIST criteria, i.e., lesions that can be
accurately measured in at least one dimension with the longest diameter ≥20 mm using
conventional techniques or ≥10 mm using spiral CT scan

- Is at least 3 weeks post-gastrectomy surgery

- Has not received prior chemotherapy for their cancer (adjuvant therapy is permitted
and does not count as prior chemotherapy).

- Has performance status of ≥ 70% on the Karnofsky scale (Appendix B)

- Has a predicted life expectancy of ≥ 12 weeks

- Has an absolute granulocyte count of ≥ 1,500/mm3

- Has a platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm3

- Has a hemoglobin of ≥ 9.0 g/dL

- Has a bilirubin of ≤ 1.5 times the ULN

- Has transaminases ≤ 2.5 times the ULN except for patients with liver metastasis who
may have transaminases ≤ 5 times the ULN

- Has a creatinine ≤ ULN and calculated creatinine ≥ 60 mL/min

- According to the judgment of the Investigator, the patient has recovered from all
previous anti-cancer treatment-related toxicities to at least Grade 1 (see exceptions
above)

- Has stopped all previous investigational drugs at least 4 weeks prior to treatment
with S-1 and cisplatin.

- Is able to take medications orally

- Female patients of childbearing potential who are not pregnant and who use acceptable
means of contraception while on study and for an additional 30 days after the last
dose of study medication. Male patients must use adequate contraception.

Exclusion Criteria

- Has relapsed within 6 months from the end of adjuvant therapy

- Has known brain or leptomeningeal metastases.

- Has any other serious illness or medical condition(s) including, but not limited to,
the following:

- uncontrolled congestive heart failure, angina pectoris, arrhythmias, or
hypertension ; or any significant medical condition that is a contraindication
for chemotherapy

- concurrent malignancy other than gastric cancer except adequately treated
carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix or non-melanoma skin cancer

- active infection

- gastrointestinal disorder, including malabsorption, chronic nausea and vomiting,
chronic diarrhea

- unstable diabetes mellitus

- psychiatric disorder that may interfere with consent and/or protocol compliance

- known neuropathy (including hearing loss) at baseline of Grade 2 or higher (as
per NCI CTC v2.0 see Appendix A)

- Has known hypersensitivity to any of the constituents of the study medication

- Is receiving a concomitant treatment with drugs interacting with S-1.

- Is a pregnant or lactating female or who refuses to use an acceptable means of
contraception. Is a male and refuses to use an acceptable means of contraception.

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Authority:

United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:

TPU-S1101; ID02-694

NCT ID:

NCT00072787

Start Date:

October 2003

Completion Date:

May 2006

Related Keywords:

  • Gastric Cancer
  • gastric cancer
  • phase 2 clinical trial
  • Stomach Neoplasms

Name

Location

MD Anderson Cancer CenterHouston, Texas  77030-4096
Abramson Cancer Center at the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania  19104
Straub Clinic and HospitalHonolulu, Hawaii  96813
University of ChicagoChicago, Illinois  60637
University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer CenterLos Angeles, California  90089
Rosen, LeeLos Angeles, California  90025
Chong, ClaytonHonolulu, Hawaii  96817
Northwestern University Robert H Lurie Comprehensive Cancer CenterChicago, Illinois  60611
Lovelace Sandia Health SystemAlbuquerque, New Mexico  87108
University of New Mexico - AlbuquerqueAlbuquerque, New Mexico  87131
New Mexico VA Health Care SystemAlbuquerque, New Mexico  87108