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A Phase II Study Of Gemcitabine (GEMZAR) And Irinotecan (CPT-11) In Previously Untreated Patients With Measurable Disease With Unknown Primary Carcinoma


Phase 2
18 Years
N/A
Not Enrolling
Both
Carcinoma of Unknown Primary

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Trial Information

A Phase II Study Of Gemcitabine (GEMZAR) And Irinotecan (CPT-11) In Previously Untreated Patients With Measurable Disease With Unknown Primary Carcinoma


OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Determine the response rate in patients with carcinoma of unknown primary when treated
with gemcitabine and irinotecan.

- Determine the adverse event profile and tolerability of this regimen, based on the
presence or absence of the UGT1A1*28 polymorphism, in these patients. (Cohort I closed
to accrual 11/17/05)

- Determine the adverse event profile and tolerability of this regimen. (Cohort II)

Secondary

- Determine the time to progression and overall survival of patients treated with this
regimen.

- Correlate patterns of immunohistochemical staining with response in patients treated
with this regimen.

- Correlate variation in multiple different genes, whose protein products are involved in
the uptake, metabolism, and distribution of these drugs, with clinical outcomes, in
terms of response and toxicity, in these patients.

- Determine primary origin of cancer of unknown primary samples by completing a 92-gene
RT-PCR cancer classification assay.

- Determine whether the 92-gene assay results are correlated with clinical response to
gemcitabine and irinotecan.

OUTLINE:

- Cohort I (closed to accrual 11/17/05): Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes
and irinotecan IV over 90 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Irinotecan dose may be
escalated or de-escalated after course 1 depending on toxicity. Courses repeat every 6
weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

- Cohort II: Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes and irinotecan IV over 90
minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease
progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 42 patients will be accrued for this study.

Inclusion Criteria


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Histologically confirmed carcinoma of undetermined origin, with any of the following
light microscopic diagnoses:

- Adenocarcinoma

- Poorly differentiated non-small cell carcinoma

- Poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma

- Primary site not revealed by the following diagnostic tests:

- Complete history and physical

- Complete blood count and chemistries

- Chest x-ray and/or CT scan

- Abdominal CT scan

- Directed evaluation of symptomatic areas

- Mammogram in women

- Colonoscopy in patients with liver metastases to exclude a colon primary

- Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining OR immunostaining if H&E results are
unclear, including all of the following:

- Keratin or epithelial membrane antigen

- S-100 or HMB45

- LCA (CD45)

- Chromogranin or synaptophysin

- Thyroid transcription factor 1

- Measurable disease

- Patients with any of the following conditions are not eligible:

- Neuroendocrine tumors

- Women with axillary node involvement only

- Women with adenocarcinoma of the peritoneum

- Carcinoma involving only 1 site, with resectable tumor at that site

- Squamous cell carcinoma limited to cervical, supraclavicular, or inguinal lymph
nodes

- Men with poorly differentiated mediastinal or retroperitoneal tumor with stains
suggestive of germ cell origin or serum tumor markers (AFP/HCG)

- Men with prominent blastic bony metastases or markedly elevated
prostate-specific antigen, suggesting prostate origin

- Must be willing to provide blood and tissue samples

- No brain or meningeal involvement

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

- 18 and over

Performance status

- ECOG 0-2

Life expectancy

- At least 12 weeks

Hematopoietic

- Granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm^3

- Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic

- Bilirubin must meet 1 of the following criteria:

- Less than or equal to upper limit of normal (ULN) and no UGT1A1 genotyping is
required

- Greater than ULN but less than 2 times ULN and UGT1A1 for 6/7 genotype or 7/7
genotype patients

- Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 3 times ULN

- AST no greater than 3 times ULN (5 times ULN if liver metastases are present)

Renal

- Creatinine no greater than 2.0 times ULN

Other

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Negative pregnancy test

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception

- No other invasive malignancy within the past 5 years

- No other severe concurrent disease that would make the patient inappropriate for the
study in the judgment of the investigator

- No uncontrolled infection

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

- No concurrent biologic agents

- No concurrent filgrastim (G-CSF)

Chemotherapy

- No prior chemotherapy

- No other concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

- Not specified

Radiotherapy

- No prior radiotherapy to more than 25% of the bone marrow

- No concurrent radiotherapy

Surgery

- More than 4 weeks since prior major surgery

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Confirmed response rate (partial or complete response for 2 consecutive evaluations at least 4 weeks apart) as measured by RECIST criteria

Safety Issue:

No

Principal Investigator

Matthew P. Goetz, MD

Investigator Role:

Study Chair

Investigator Affiliation:

Mayo Clinic

Authority:

United States: Federal Government

Study ID:

CDR0000318830

NCT ID:

NCT00066781

Start Date:

February 2004

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Carcinoma of Unknown Primary
  • adenocarcinoma of unknown primary
  • newly diagnosed carcinoma of unknown primary
  • squamous cell carcinoma of unknown primary
  • undifferentiated carcinoma of unknown primary
  • Carcinoma
  • Neoplasms, Unknown Primary

Name

Location

Mayo Clinic Cancer CenterRochester, Minnesota  55905
CCOP - Missouri Valley Cancer ConsortiumOmaha, Nebraska  68131
Mercy Cancer Center at Mercy Medical Center - North IowaMason City, Iowa  50401
Cancer Resource Center - LincolnLincoln, Nebraska  68510