A Study of Extracorporeal Photopheresis With UVADEX in the Setting of a Standard Myeloablative Conditioning Regimen for the Prevention of Graft-versus-Host Disease in Patients Undergoing an Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplant or Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant
Approximately 30% of HLA-identical related bone marrow graft recipients and up to 90% of
patients receiving bone marrow from unrelated donors develop significant acute GvHD despite
the use of prophylactic therapies such as cyclosporine and methotrexate. About half of
these patients respond to initial treatment with steroids and require no further treatment.
The remainder of these patients are either unresponsive to initial therapy or become
steroid-resistant over time. The prognosis in these cases is poor and mortality for patients
with steroid-resistant GvHD may be as high as 50%.
ECP is a technique in which peripheral white blood cells are exposed to a photoactivatable
compound (UVADEX) administered extracorporeally and ultraviolet A light. After cells are
reinfused into the patient, their function is altered, thereby activating mechanisms that
allow for further regulation of specific lymphocyte populations. ECP has shown activity in
several inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, including scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis,
transplantation rejection, acute and chronic GvHD.
In a previous single-center, open label, single-arm study of 56 patients receiving ECP
treatment on two consecutive days and reduced-intensity bone-marrow conditioning prior to
bone marrow transplantation from matched or partially matched human donors, the incidence of
grade II-IV acute GvHD was less than 10%. This is in contrast to an expected incidence of
The purpose of this study is to determine the role of ECP, administered pre-transplant, in
preventing GvHD when used in conjunction with a standard myeloablative conditioning regimen.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
United States: Food and Drug Administration
|Cleveland Clinic Foundation||Cleveland, Ohio 44195|
|University of Florida||Gainesville, Florida 32610-0277|
|Tufts New England Medical Center||Boston, Massachusetts 02111|
|University of Chicago||Chicago, Illinois 60637|
|Kansas City Cancer Center||Kansas City, Missouri 64111|
|Texas Transplant||San Antonio, Texas 78229|