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Phase I Trial of 4'-IODO-4'-Deoxydoxorubicin in Primary Amyloidosis (AL)

Phase 1
18 Years
Not Enrolling
Primary Systemic Amyloidosis

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Trial Information

Phase I Trial of 4'-IODO-4'-Deoxydoxorubicin in Primary Amyloidosis (AL)


I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of iododoxorubicin in patients with primary systemic


I. Determine the safety, especially cardiac safety, of this drug in these patients.

II. Determine the survival rate of patients treated with this drug. III. Determine,
preliminarily, the clinical efficacy of this drug in these patients.

IV. Determine the pharmacokinetics of this drug in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.

Patients receive iododoxorubicin IV over 15 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Treatment
repeats every 12 weeks for a total of 4 courses or a cumulative dose of 400 mg/m^2 in the
absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of iododoxorubicin until the maximum
tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2
of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Patients are followed at 3 months.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Histochemically confirmed amyloidosis by polarizing microscopy of greenbirefringent
material in Congo red-stained tissue specimens

- At least one of the following:

- Demonstrable M-protein in serum or urine

- Clonal population of plasma cells in bone marrow

- Immunohistochemical stain with anti-light chain antisera of amyloid fibrils

- Symptomatic organ involvement, including liver involvement, mild cardiac involvement,
renal involvement, grade 1 or 2 peripheral neuropathy, or soft tissue involvement
(including tongue)

- No purpura or carpal tunnel syndrome as sole manifestation of disease

- No clinically overt multiple myeloma defined as monoclonal bone marrow platelet
concentration greater than 20% and at least one of the following:

- Bone lesions

- Anemia

- Hypercalcemia

- Performance status - ECOG 0-3 (3 allowed only if related to muscular infiltration by
amyloid or peripheral neuropathy)

- Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3

- Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3

- Total bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL

- Direct bilirubin no greater than 1.0 mg/dL

- Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 4 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- AST or ALT no greater than 3 times ULN

- Creatinine clearance at least 40 mL/min

- Ejection fraction at least 50% by echocardiogram

- No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease

- No enzyme-documented myocardial infarction within the past 3 years

- No chronic atrial fibrillation

- No grade 2 or 3 atrioventricular block (Mobitz type I allowed)

- No sustained (greater than 30 seconds) ventricular tachycardia, more than 1 episode
of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (3 consecutive ventricular beats), or
frequent (more than 20 in 24 hours) ventricular pairs by 24-hour ambulatory
electrocardiographic monitoring

- No intraventricular septum greater than 16 mm by echocardiogram

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Negative pregnancy test

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception

- No uncontrolled infection

- No other active malignancy except nonmelanoma skin cancer or cervical cancer

- No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study

- No severe diarrhea (greater than grade 3) that is not controllable with medication or
that requires total parenteral nutrition

- More than 4 weeks since prior interferon alfa

- No concurrent immunotherapy

- More than 4 weeks since prior melphalan or other alkylating agents

- No prior anthracycline exposure greater than 120 mg/m^2

- Recovered from prior chemotherapy

- No other concurrent chemotherapy

- More than 4 weeks since prior high-dose dexamethasone

- No concurrent radiotherapy

- No concurrent investigational ancillary therapy

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

MTD of IDOX defined as the highest safely-tolerated dose where =< 1 patient experiences DLT with the next higher dose having at least 2 patients who experience DLT

Outcome Description:

The number and severity of toxicity incidents will indicate the level of tolerance of IDOX in the treatment of primary amyloidosis. Non-hematologic toxicities will be evaluated via the ordinal CTC standard toxicity grading. Hematologic toxicity measures of thrombocytopenia, neutropenia and leukopenia will be assessed using continuous variables as the outcome measures (primarily nadir and percent change from baseline values) as well as categorization via CTC standard toxicity grading.

Outcome Time Frame:

12 weeks

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Angela Dispenzieri

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Mayo Clinic


United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:




Start Date:

December 2001

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Primary Systemic Amyloidosis
  • Amyloidosis



Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota  55905