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Phase I Testing of ADI-PEG in Metastatic Melanoma

Phase 1
Not Enrolling
Melanoma, Neoplasm Metastasis

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Trial Information

Phase I Testing of ADI-PEG in Metastatic Melanoma

The use of amino acid degrading enzymes derived from microbial sources has proven to be an
effective means of controlling some forms of cancer auxotrophic for nonessential amino
acids. Recently it has been shown that human melanomas are auxotrophic for arginine. As
arginine is a nonessential amino acid for humans, elimination of it may prove to be an
effective method for controlling cancer. Laboratory studies have provided promising results
with the arginine-degrading enzyme arginine deiminase (ADI) coupled to polyethylene glycol
(PEG) to enhance its circulating half-life.

In this study, patients each receive 3 intramuscular treatments of ADI-SS PEG over a 4-week
period. There are 4 cohorts of patients each receiving a different dose level.
Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, safety and toxicity, and immunogenicity studies will be

Inclusion Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

- Histologically confirmed metastatic melanoma

- Nonresectable disease

- Measurable or evaluable disease

- Progressive disease following standard chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery, or
immunotherapy; and no longer responding to therapy

- Recovered from prior surgery

- Karnofsky performance status 70 or higher

- Expected survival of at least 12 weeks

- Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL

- Albumin greater than 3.0 g/dL

- SGOT less than 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Alkaline phosphatase less than 5 times ULN

- Ammonia less than 55 microg/dL

- Glucose greater than 60 mg/dL

- Amylase less than 1.5 times ULN

- Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,500/mm3

- Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3

- Patients must use 2 forms of effective contraception

Exclusion criteria:

- Prior therapy within the past 4 weeks

- Ascites or pleural effusion

- Significant cardiac disease (i.e., New York Heart Association class III or IV heart

- Pregnant or nursing

- Concurrent enrollment in another IND study

- Serious infection requiring antibiotics

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment


United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:




Start Date:

September 2001

Completion Date:

August 2003

Related Keywords:

  • Melanoma
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Polyethylene Glycol
  • Arginine Deiminase
  • Neoplasms
  • Melanoma
  • Neoplasm Metastasis



Northwestern University Chicago, Illinois  60611