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Phase I/II Study of Intratumoral Injection of DTI-015 Prior to Tumor Resection in Patients With Recurrent Malignant Glioma or Metastatic Neoplasm to Brain

Phase 1/Phase 2
18 Years
75 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors, Metastatic Cancer

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Trial Information

Phase I/II Study of Intratumoral Injection of DTI-015 Prior to Tumor Resection in Patients With Recurrent Malignant Glioma or Metastatic Neoplasm to Brain


- Determine the extent and pattern of distribution of DNA adducts in patients with
recurrent supratentorial malignant glioma or metastatic neoplasm to the brain treated
with neoadjuvant intratumoral carmustine in ethanol (DTI-015) followed by tumor

- Determine the qualitative and quantitative toxicity of this treatment regimen in these

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study.

Patients receive neoadjuvant carmustine in ethanol (DTI-015) intratumorally under
stereotactic guidance 45-90 minutes prior to craniotomy and tumor resection.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of DTI-015 until the maximum tolerated dose
(MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 3 of 3 or 3 of 6
patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Patients are followed at 4, 8, and 12 weeks, and then every 3 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 15 patients will be accrued for this study.

Inclusion Criteria


- Histologically confirmed recurrent supratentorial malignant glioma with clear
evidence of progression by MRI

- Glioblastoma multiforme

- Anaplastic ependymoma

- Anaplastic astrocytoma

- Anaplastic oligodendroglioma OR

- Metastatic tumor to the brain other than melanoma

- Planned resection of tumor (must be first surgery for recurrent disease)

- Tumor volume of each tumor component or residual tumor must be at least 4 cm3 and no
greater than 33.4 cm3

- Tumor shape and surrounding structure(s) unlikely to cause an irregular distribution
of the injected study drug

- Tumor is spherical, spheroid, or ovoid

- No tumors shaped into 3 or more components (e.g., multicentric or

- No tumors extending into the ventricular system

- Tumor has an intact stroma (i.e., tumor mass not partially incised or punctured)

- Central necrosis and/or central cystic areas allowed if an enhancing rim with a
thickness of more than 5 mm is present

- No tumors in the following locations of the brain:

- Brainstem (pons or medulla)

- Midbrain (mesencephalon)

- Primary sensorimotor cortex in the dominant hemisphere

- Within 1.5 cm of the optic chiasm, either optic nerve, or any other cranial



- 18 to 75

Performance status:

- Karnofsky 60-100%

Life expectancy:

- Not specified


- Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3

- Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3

- No evidence of bleeding diathesis


- Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL

- SGOT and SGPT no greater than 2.5 times normal


- Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL OR

- Creatinine clearance at least 40 mL/min OR

- BUN no greater than 30 mg/dL


- No active uncontrolled infection

- Afebrile (37.5 degrees C) unless fever due to tumor

- No other unstable or severe medical condition

- No complicating medical or psychiatric problem that would preclude study

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Negative pregnancy test

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception


Biologic therapy:

- Not specified


- At least 4 weeks since prior systemic chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas,
mitomycin, or Gliadel wafers) and recovered

- No anti-tumor chemotherapy within 12 weeks after study drug unless tumor volume
increases by more than 25% by MRI

Endocrine therapy:

- Not specified


- At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered

- No prior intracranial brachytherapy

- No anti-tumor radiotherapy within 12 weeks after study drug unless tumor volume
increases by more than 25% by MRI


- See Disease Characteristics

- Prior surgery allowed

- No anti-tumor surgery within 12 weeks after study drug


- No concurrent anticoagulants

- No other concurrent investigational agents

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Principal Investigator

Gene David Resnick, MD

Investigator Role:

Study Chair

Investigator Affiliation:



United States: Federal Government

Study ID:




Start Date:

June 2000

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Metastatic Cancer
  • adult glioblastoma
  • tumors metastatic to brain
  • adult anaplastic astrocytoma
  • adult anaplastic ependymoma
  • adult anaplastic oligodendroglioma
  • adult giant cell glioblastoma
  • adult gliosarcoma
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Neoplasms
  • Neoplasms, Second Primary
  • Nervous System Neoplasms
  • Central Nervous System Neoplasms
  • Glioma



UCSF Cancer Center and Cancer Research Institute San Francisco, California  94115-0128
Massey Cancer Center Richmond, Virginia  23298-0037