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PHLAME: Promoting Healthy Lifestyles: Alternative Models' Effects

Phase 2
Not Enrolling
Cardiovascular Diseases, Cancer, Physical Activity, Nutrition

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Trial Information

PHLAME: Promoting Healthy Lifestyles: Alternative Models' Effects

This is a randomized, controlled trial to implement and prospectively assess and compare the
usefulness of two means to promote healthy behaviors. Subjects are fire fighters who are
assigned to one of two interventions or the control condition using a balanced randomization
by fire station. The two health promotion interventions are 1) a team-based intervention and
2) a one-on-one intervention with a health counselor. The team intervention is based on
social-learning theory, with all members of the social unit simultaneously participating.
The one-on-one intervention uses a transtheoretical model and motivational interviewing
techniques at the individual level.

The targeted outcomes are increased physical activity and fitness, improved nutrition (more
than 5 servings of fruits and vegetables and less than 30 percent of calories as fat), and
improved energy balance (healthy body weight). Secondary outcomes include increased measures
of endurance, strength, flexibility, and back fitness; reduced LDL levels; decreased
abdominal obesity; and enhanced quality of life. Changes in these outcome measures can help
lower risks for heart disease, some types of cancer, diabetes, hypertension and
musculoskeletal injuries.

We will assess program effects at the station and individual level. We will analyze the
hierarchical data (fire fighters nested at fire stations) using linear modeling and use
latent growth modeling to examine change over time. In addition, we will use covariance
structure models to identify constructs and latent paths among constructs that affect
outcomes. Our large data set, nested study design, and prospective longitudinal assessment
make these newer modeling techniques well suited for our data analysis. Results from PHLAME
will provide information on health behavior change and health promotion for adults.

Inclusion Criteria:

- All fit-for-duty fire fighters from Portland, OR, Salem, OR, Camas, WA, Battleground,
WA and Brush Prairie, WA.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Fire fighters who are planning on leaving employment within 1 year.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Principal Investigator

Diane L. Elliot, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Oregon Health and Science University


United States: Federal Government

Study ID:

R01 AR45901



Start Date:

April 1999

Completion Date:

March 2003

Related Keywords:

  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Cancer
  • Physical Activity
  • Nutrition
  • Health behavior change
  • Motivational interviewing
  • Motivational enhancement
  • Health counseling
  • Team intervention
  • One-on-one intervention
  • Physical activity
  • Exercise
  • Nutrition
  • Health assessments
  • Strength
  • Flexibility
  • Percent body fat
  • Social-learning theory
  • Fire fighters
  • Fire stations
  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Cardiovascular Diseases



Oregon Health & Science University Portland, Oregon  97201