Intensification Therapy for Locally Advanced Epidermoid Cancer of the Anal Canal - Phase III Intergroup Study
- Compare the efficacy of concurrent chemotherapy and radiotherapy with or without
neoadjuvant chemotherapy with fluorouracil and cisplatin in patients with stage II or
III anal canal cancer.
- Compare the efficacy of two levels of radiation dose in patients with stage II or III
anal canal cancer.
- Compare the sphincter conservation of the anus by these regimens.
- Compare the effect of these regimens on survival and quality of life of these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study.
Patients are randomized to one of four treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients receive induction chemotherapy consisting of fluorouracil IV over 24
hours on days 1-4 and cisplatin IV over 1 hour on day 1 or 2 every 4 weeks for 2
courses. Beginning 4 weeks later, patients receive chemoradiotherapy. This regimen
consists of fluorouracil IV over 24 hours on days 1-4 and cisplatin IV over 1 hour on
day 1 or 2 and repeated 4 weeks later, plus pelvic radiotherapy beginning on day 1 and
continuing for 5 weeks (once a day, 5 days/week). Patients receive low dose
radiotherapy directly to the tumor beginning 3 weeks later and continuing for 2 weeks.
- Arm II: Patients receive induction chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy as in arm I, plus
high dose radiotherapy directly to the tumor.
- Arm III (control arm): Patients receive chemoradiotherapy and low dose radiotherapy to
the tumor as in arm I.
- Arm IV: Patients receive chemoradiotherapy and high dose radiotherapy to the tumor as
in arm II.
After study treatment is completed, patients with nonfixed inguinal tumors may undergo
surgical resection followed by radiotherapy or radiotherapy alone. Patients with fixed
inguinal tumors may receive further radiotherapy alone.
Quality of life is assessed before treatment, at 2 months after completion of treatment, and
at 5 years.
Patients are followed every 4 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, then annually
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 350 patients will be accrued for this study within 4 years.
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Didier Peiffert, MD
Centre Alexis Vautrin
United States: Federal Government