Know Cancer

forgot password


Phase 3
Not Enrolling
Breast Cancer

Thank you

Trial Information


OBJECTIVES: I. Compare overall and disease-free survival in patients with operable
adenocarcinoma of the breast treated with 4 courses of preoperative doxorubicin and
cyclophosphamide (AC) alone vs 4 courses of preoperative or postoperative docetaxel (TXT)
following 4 courses of preoperative AC. II. Evaluate whether the addition of preoperative
TXT to preoperative AC results in improved rates of clinical and pathologic locoregional
tumor response. III. Assess whether the addition of preoperative TXT to preoperative AC
results in improved rates of breast conservation. IV. Assess whether postoperative TXT
improves disease-free and overall survival in patients who receive preoperative AC,
especially in certain subgroups of patients (e.g., those with pathologically positive

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to age
(under 50 vs 50 and over), clinical tumor size (less than 2.1 cm vs 2.1-4.0 cm vs greater
than 4.0 cm), clinical nodal status (negative vs positive), and participating center.
Patients are randomized to one of three treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive doxorubicin
IV followed by cyclophosphamide IV over 30 minutes to 2 hours on day 1 every 21 days for 4
courses. Patients receive oral tamoxifen daily for 5 years, starting on day 1. After
completion of chemotherapy, patients are offered surgery (e.g., lumpectomy with axillary
node dissection, or modified radical mastectomy). Post-operative radiotherapy is given
post-lumpectomy. Arm II: Patients receive doxorubicin IV followed by cyclophosphamide IV
over 30 minutes to 2 hours followed by docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1 once every 21 days
for 4 courses. Patients receive oral tamoxifen daily for 5 years, starting on day 1. After
the completion of chemotherapy, surgery is offered (as in arm I). Radiotherapy follows
surgery in post-lumpectomy patients. Arm III: Patients receive doxorubicin IV followed by
cyclophosphamide IV over 30 minutes to 2 hours on day 1 every 21 days for 4 courses.
Patients receive oral tamoxifen daily for 5 years, starting on day 1. After completion of
chemotherapy, surgery is offered (as in arm I). After surgical recovery, docetaxel IV is
given over 1 hour once every 21 days for 4 courses. Radiotherapy follows docetaxel in
post-lumpectomy patients. Chemotherapy is repeated every 21 days for 4 courses in the
absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed every 6
months for 5 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 2,400 patients will be accrued for this study within 5

Inclusion Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically proven invasive adenocarcinoma of
the breast Fine-needle aspiration is acceptable Core or Tru-cut biopsies are preferable No
more than 63 days between initial diagnosis and randomization Tumor palpable on clinical
exam and confined to the breast and ipsilateral axilla If clinically negative axillary
nodes (N0): primary tumor greater than 1 cm (T1c-T3) If clinically positive axillary nodes
(N1): any size primary tumor (T1-3) No N2 disease, i.e., ipsilateral nodes clinically
fixed to one another or to other structures No skeletal pain unless: Bone scan and/or
roentgenologic exam negative for metastatic disease Suspicious findings confirmed as
benign by x-ray, MRI, or biopsy No ulceration, erythema, skin infiltration (complete
fixation), or peau d'orange, or skin edema of any magnitude Tethering or dimpling of skin
or nipple inversion allowed No bilateral malignancy Suspicious contralateral mass proven
benign on biopsy allowed None of the following unless proven benign on biopsy: Suspicious
palpable nodes in contralateral axilla Palpable supraclavicular or infraclavicular nodes
Hormone receptor status: Any status

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Any age Sex: Female Menopausal status: Not specified
Performance status: Not specified Life expectancy: At least 10 years (exclusive of cancer
diagnosis) Hematopoietic: WBC at least 4,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3
Hepatic: Bilirubin normal AST/ALT normal Alkaline phosphatase normal Renal: Creatinine
normal Cardiovascular: No active cardiac disease that would preclude doxorubicin, e.g.:
Documented myocardial infarction History of congestive heart failure Angina pectoris
requiring medication Valvular disease with documented cardiac function compromise
Arrhythmia associated with heart failure or cardiac dysfunction Poorly controlled
hypertension, i.e., diastolic blood pressure greater than 100 mm Hg Cardiomegaly on chest
x-ray or ventricular hypertrophy on EKG unless left ventricular ejection fraction at least
45% by MUGA Other: No other malignancy within the past 10 years except: Segmentally
resected lobular carcinoma in situ of the ipsilateral or contralateral breast Effectively
treated nonmelanomatous skin cancer Surgically treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix No
systemic disease that would preclude therapy No psychiatric or addictive disorder that
would preclude informed consent Geographically accessible for follow-up Not pregnant

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior therapy for breast cancer No prior anthracyclines for
any malignancy No concurrent sex hormones (e.g., birth control pills or ovarian
replacement therapy)

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Determine if 4 cycle of pre-op or post-op Taxotere given after 4 cycles of pre-op AC will more effectively prolong survival (S) than does 4 cycles of pre-op AC alone.

Outcome Time Frame:

Time from randomization to death from any cause.

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Harry D. Bear, MD, PhD

Investigator Role:

Study Chair

Investigator Affiliation:

Massey Cancer Center


United States: Federal Government

Study ID:




Start Date:

December 1995

Completion Date:

February 2010

Related Keywords:

  • Breast Cancer
  • stage I breast cancer
  • stage II breast cancer
  • stage IIIA breast cancer
  • Breast Neoplasms



Akron City Hospital Akron, Ohio  44304
Baylor College of Medicine Houston, Texas  77030
National Naval Medical Center Bethesda, Maryland  20889
Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center Orange, California  92868
University of Colorado Cancer Center Denver, Colorado  80262
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics Iowa City, Iowa  52242
CCOP - Ann Arbor Regional Ann Arbor, Michigan  48106
University of Mississippi Medical Center Jackson, Mississippi  39216-4505
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, UNC Chapel Hill, North Carolina  27599-7295
Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center Winston-Salem, North Carolina  27157-1082
Barrett Cancer Center, The University Hospital Cincinnati, Ohio  45219
Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital - Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio  43210
Medical University of South Carolina Charleston, South Carolina  29425-0721
CCOP - Upstate Carolina Spartanburg, South Carolina  29303
Simmons Cancer Center - Dallas Dallas, Texas  75235-9154
St. Luke's Medical Center Milwaukee, Wisconsin  53215
Sylvester Cancer Center, University of Miami Miami, Florida  33136
CCOP - Wichita Wichita, Kansas  67214-3882
East Carolina University School of Medicine Greenville, North Carolina  27858-4354
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio San Antonio, Texas  78284-7811
Vermont Cancer Center Burlington, Vermont  05401-3498
CCOP - Greater Phoenix Phoenix, Arizona  85006-2726
CCOP - Atlanta Regional Atlanta, Georgia  30342-1701
CCOP - Missouri Valley Cancer Consortium Omaha, Nebraska  68131
CCOP - Southern Nevada Cancer Research Foundation Las Vegas, Nevada  89106
CCOP - Baptist Cancer Institute Memphis, Tennessee  38117
CCOP - Christiana Care Health Services Wilmington, Delaware  19899
CCOP - Mount Sinai Medical Center Miami Beach, Florida  33140
Ellis Fischel Cancer Center - Columbia Columbia, Missouri  65203
CCOP - Southeast Cancer Control Consortium Winston-Salem, North Carolina  27104-4241
MBCCOP - Massey Cancer Center Richmond, Virginia  23298-0037
CCOP - Colorado Cancer Research Program, Inc. Denver, Colorado  80209-5031
CCOP - Illinois Oncology Research Association Peoria, Illinois  61602
CCOP - Carle Cancer Center Urbana, Illinois  61801
CCOP - Iowa Oncology Research Association Des Moines, Iowa  50309-1016
CCOP - Kalamazoo Kalamazoo, Michigan  49007-3731
CCOP - Northern New Jersey Hackensack, New Jersey  07601
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania  15213
St. Vincent Hospital and Health Care Center Indianapolis, Indiana  46260
CCOP - Duluth Duluth, Minnesota  55805
Hennepin County Medical Center - Minneapolis Minneapolis, Minnesota  55415
Geisinger Medical Center Danville, Pennsylvania  17822-0001
CCOP - Ochsner New Orleans, Louisiana  70121
CCOP - Merit Care Hospital Fargo, North Dakota  58122
CCOP - Sioux Community Cancer Consortium Sioux Falls, South Dakota  57105-1080
Henry Ford Hospital Detroit, Michigan  48202
Medical College of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Wisconsin  53226
Huntsville Hospital System Huntsville, Alabama  35801
Sutter Health Western Division Cancer Research Group Greenbrae, California  94904
Loma Linda University Medical Center Loma Linda, California  92354
Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope Los Angeles, California  91010
CCOP - Bay Area Tumor Institute Oakland, California  94609-3305
CCOP - Santa Rosa Memorial Hospital Santa Rosa, California  95403
Halifax Medical Center Daytona Beach, Florida  32114
Memorial Hospital of South Bend South Bend, Indiana  46601
Tulane University School of Medicine New Orleans, Louisiana  70112
CCOP - Cancer Research for the Ozarks Springfield, Missouri  65807
CCOP - Montana Cancer Consortium Billings, Montana  59101
Methodist Cancer Center - Omaha Omaha, Nebraska  68114
Newark Beth Israel Medical Center Newark, New Jersey  07112
CCOP - Columbus Columbus, Ohio  43206
CCOP - Dayton Kettering, Ohio  45429
CCOP - Columbia River Program Portland, Oregon  97213
Lehigh Valley Hospital Allentown, Pennsylvania  18103
Mercy Hospital Cancer Center - Scranton Scranton, Pennsylvania  18501
CCOP - MainLine Health Wynnewood, Pennsylvania  19096
York Hospital York, Pennsylvania  17315
CCOP - Greenville Greenville, South Carolina  29615
University of Texas Medical Branch Galveston, Texas  77555-1329
Joe Arrington Cancer Research and Treatment Center Lubbock, Texas  79410-1894
CCOP - Southwestern Vermont Regional Cancer Center Bennington, Vermont  05201
St. Vincent Hospital Green Bay, Wisconsin  54307-3508
CCOP - Evanston Evanston, Illinois  60201
CCOP - Scott and White Hospital Temple, Texas  76508
CCOP - Marshfield Medical Research and Education Foundation Marshfield, Wisconsin  54449
Baptist Regional Cancer Institute - Jacksonville Jacksonville, Florida  32207
Cancer Research Center of Hawaii Honolulu, Hawaii  96813
Dwight David Eisenhower Army Medical Center Fort Gordon, Georgia  30905-5650
Boston Medical Center Boston, Massachusetts  02118
Providence Hospital - Southfield Southfield, Michigan  48075-9975
CCOP - St. Louis-Cape Girardeau Saint Louis, Missouri  63141
CCOP - Virginia Mason Research Center Seattle, Washington  98101
CCOP - Northwest Tacoma, Washington  98405-0986
CCOP - Grand Rapids Clinical Oncology Program Grand Rapids, Michigan  49503
Oregon Cancer Center at Oregon Health Sciences University Portland, Oregon  97201-3098
Puget Sound Oncology Consortium Seattle, Washington  98109
Saint Mary Medical Center - Long Beach Long Beach, California  90813-0887
Kaiser Permanente Medical Center - Vallejo Vallejo, California  94589
Hartford Hospital Hartford, Connecticut  06102-5037
Winship Cancer Institute Atlanta, Georgia  30322
Medical College of Georgia Comprehensive Cancer Center Augusta, Georgia  30912-4000
Illinois Masonic Medical Center Chicago, Illinois  60657
Rockford Clinic Rockford, Illinois  61103
Lucille Parker Markey Cancer Center, University of Kentucky Lexington, Kentucky  40536-0093
Norton Healthcare System Louisville, Kentucky  40202-5070
Louisiana State University Medical Center - New Orleans New Orleans, Louisiana  70112
Eastern Maine Medical Center Bangor, Maine  04401
Franklin Square Hospital Center Baltimore, Maryland  21237
Regional Cancer Therapy Center - Frederick Frederick, Maryland  21701
Lahey Clinic - Burlington Burlington, Massachusetts  01805
Berkshire Medical Center Pittsfield, Massachusetts  01201
Baystate Medical Center Springfield, Massachusetts  01199
Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan  48824
St. Louis University School of Medicine Saint Louis, Missouri  63104
University of New Mexico Cancer Research & Treatment Center Albuquerque, New Mexico  87131
CCOP - Syracuse Hematology-Oncology Associates of Central New York, P.C. Syracuse, New York  13217
Aultman Cancer Center Canton, Ohio  44710
Jewish Hospital of Cincinnati, Inc. Cincinnati, Ohio  45236
South Pointe Hospital Cleveland, Ohio  44122
St. Luke's Network - Bethlehem Bethlehem, Pennsylvania  18015
Allegheny General Hospital Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania  15212-4772
Medical Group of Texas Dallas, Texas  75243
Utah Valley Regional Medical Center - Provo Provo, Utah  84604
Eastern Virginia Medical School Norfolk, Virginia  23507
Camden-Clark Memorial Hospital Parkersburg, West Virginia  26102
Trinitas Hospital - Jersey Street Campus Elizabeth, New Jersey  07201
Cancer Institute of New Jersey New Brunswick, New Jersey  08901
Hackensack University Medical Center Hackensack, New Jersey  07601
West Virginia University Hospitals Morgantown, West Virginia  26506-9300
Cooper Cancer Institute Camden, New Jersey  08103
University of Connecticut Health Center Farmington, Connecticut  06360-7106
CCOP - Sooner State Tulsa, Oklahoma  74136
Overlook Hospital Summit, New Jersey  07902-0220
Comprehensive Cancer Centers of the Desert Palm Springs, California  92262
Kaiser Permanente-Southern California Permanente Medical Group San Diego, California  92120
Catholic Healthcare West - Westbay Region San Francisco, California  94107-1728
George Washington University Cancer Center Washington, District of Columbia  20037
Good Samaritan Medical Center West Palm Beach, Florida  33401
North Idaho Cancer Center Coeur d'Alene, Idaho  83814
Cancer Institute of New Jersey at Hamilton Hamilton, New Jersey  08690
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Newark, New Jersey  07103-2425
Kent County Memorial Hospital - Rhode Island Warwick, Rhode Island  02886
Virginia Oncology Associates Newport News, Virginia  23606
David Lee Cancer Center Charleston, West Virginia  25304